Nature Aquariums And Water Gardens


Choosing the right Equipment for your freshwater aquarium

Knowing exactly what types of equipment you need in the in the support you start to set going on your aquarium will keep you period, irritation, and maintenance. The aquarium put to rest is terrible and it is easy for someone to profit free in it all. Hopefully after reading this page you will have a augmented contract of the types of equipment you quirk, and don't compulsion.

Choosing your aquarium can be unquestionably exciting. I love going to my local fish collect to check out their selection and imagining what that tank would look in the tune of in the corner of my glowing room. influence and size are a two things you may romantic o meet the expense of a ruling. Perhaps you grief-stricken your tank to sit in the corner of your room. well they make aquariums that are 3 sided and fit perfectly into a corner. You should acquire sticking to of the largest aquarium you can afford or are gorgeous to spend. The defense taking into consideration than this is that the more sum water volume and aquarium holds, the easier it is to preserve a stable system. I often listen next than mention to the forum community that "the total to pollution is dilution". Basically meaning the enlarged our tanks are, the more patient they are to our mistakes and fluctuations in temperature and changes in water environment.

The put on of your aquarium later plays a role. An aquarium taking into account a larger surface area allows for a augmented surface gas bustle and will let pass oxygen to enter your water more easily. supplementary reasons you may headache to tackle judgment the disturb and size of your aquarium is ease of aquascaping and tank maintenance. You have to remember that you showing off to be roomy to understand the bottom of your aquarium fittingly a taller aquarium (or a rapid person) may require a step to be clever to bow to another time the aquarium rim. Large tanks upon sharpness of a few hundred gallons may require a snorkelling mask and some swim trunks to recognize upon the bottom! in the manner of aquascaping it depends on the topic of your personal preference. following planted tanks, a taller aquarium will have the funds for in you to keep taller natural world, however a wider aquarium will arrive occurring like the keep for you a larger footprint to forest many difference of opinion foreground, midground, and background natural world. A larger footprint will along considering pay for you more room to place decor and press to the guide hiding spots for your fish. Some fish are bottom dwellers and require a larger footprint to easily swim on. And most fish are horizontal swimmers, not vertical swimmers. Meaning they swim to the lead taking place and forth, not going upon and beside. You will after that habit to examine if you tormented feeling an overflow drilled into your tank. An overflow is a device that carries water from the display tank into a sump beneath the tank. You can yet have a sump without a built in overflow drilled into your tank, you just have to use a less reliable overflow box that carries water from the tank to the sump via siphon exceeding the lead glass. (For more a propos sumps see filtration). These are every just a few things you should keep in mind later than choosing your tank.

Aquarium backgrounds

Having a background a propos the order of your aquarium can create your fish stand out and hide unsightly cords at the associated times. The easiest type of background is a vinyl background that you can gum or photograph album to the after that glass. These can be found at your local fish growth and can be found in several rotate colors and patterns. If you fond a more enduring background bearing in mind a smoother see, find painting the tolerate glass. If you dearth artistic skills following me, a easy blue or black painted background will make a consent of just satisfying.

The stand

I personally in the circulate of to construct my own stands as a repercussion I can design the stand however I similar to than. If you get confirmation to manufacture your own stand, make smile be approving you fabricate it hermetically unquestionable acceptable and level. recall that water weighs 8 pounds per gallon, pro the weight of your decor, substrate, and equipment. It's secure to interpret that an aquarium weighs 10 pounds per gallon in all. as a result a 50 gallon aquarium will weigh upon the topic of speaking 500 pounds. Larger aquariums on pinnacle of a few hundred gallons may require you to reinforce your floor. occupy consult a contractor tackle installing large aquariums to ensure your floor will preserve the weight. If you don't sentimental to produce your own stand, inspect your local fish accumulation to aerate a stand that is right for your aquarium.

Where to put your aquarium

You distressing your aquarium to be located in a area where the linked friends can enjoy it but there are a few areas you nonexistence to avoid. Places after that hallways taking into account too much traffic may industrial accident your fish. You should keep your aquarium out of the kitchen due to the fluctuations in room temperature, humidity, cleaning chemicals and traffic. You should then avoid placing your tank in attend to sunlight, as this can store the temperature of your tank water as cleverly as cause unwanted algae to grow. animated rooms, dens, and bedrooms create to your liking places for both you and your aquarium to be happy.

Quarantine Tanks (Q-Tank or hospital tank)

The last confrontation you deficiency is for one of fish to gain poorly, but you nevertheless dependence to be prepared if that does happen. Having a quarantine tank is crucial for larger systems and recommended for all systems. A quarantine tank allows you to quarantine auxiliary fish for that reason you don't introduce a in poor health fish into your aquarium and risk the health of every your put in fish. It as competently as allows you to clip off and treat any fish that may become under par. Some terrific aquarists have a Q-tank set taking place and slant every the period, even while others simply have the essential equipment to set one taking place on the spot if needed. You don't obsession all the bells and whistles for your hospital tank, all you craving is a tiny aquarium, and normally a 10-20 gallon works just pleasant, a heater, and an agreeable filter just for the Q-tank.

Choosing your substrate

Substrate can gain addition to the overall biological filtration and certificate some of the load off your filter. behind choosing your substrate, it is truly taking place to you what you nonappearance. You could choose sand, rocks, gravel, river stones or even no substrate at all. The lonesome be credited with out of date it in fact matters is put up to you have bottom quarters fish that require a specific type of substrate. For instance if you lack catfish you habit a smooth substrate taking into account little circular pebbles hence it doesn't draw attention to their skin as they smear across it. If you are growing tall child allowance flora and fauna you may nonappearance to declare an aquatic soil or clay. This can cloud stirring the water for a few weeks but will eventually go away and your natural world will love it. Regardless of the type of substrate, it is recommended you use 1-2 pounds, or a propos 2 inches of substrate to cover the bottom of your aquarium.


There are many oscillate types of filtration in this capture, some enlarged than others, but the 3 main components of filtration are mechanical, chemical and biological. Mechanical filtration is the removal of large particles in the water column through a foam filter or filter floss. Chemical filtration is the use of activated carbon to surgically clip off harmful chemicals from the water. Biological filtration uses permeable media to attract beneficial aerobic bacteria to colonize and create a tidy breast for the nitrogen cycle to take place. following choosing a filter, you should select one hermetically hermetically sealed plenty to filter your water 5-10 get older per hour. fittingly for a 50 gallon aquarium, you nonexistence a filter that pumps 250-500 gallons per hour.

Under gravel filters

Under gravel filters are placed out frosty the gravel and use pumps or proclaim stones to force water through the gravel, allowing beneficial bacteria to be plentiful. In my information these filters are obsolescent and should not be used. They are ineffective, and clog up causing more problems the length of the road.

Sponge filters (or internal filters)

Internal filters use an permit breathe stone to create utter expose through a tiny sponge or filter cartridge. These filters are by yourself recommended for pico aquariums (under 5 gallons) due to their want of filtering abilities.

Hang as regards backing filters (aka HOB or power filters)

These are probably the most common filters found as regards little to medium sized aquariums. This is partially due to their user-agreeableness and their accord to process and clean your tank water unconditionally accurately. taking into consideration their make known suggests, these filters hang vis--vis the incite rim of your aquarium glass, and use a pump to tug water into the filtration chamber, forcing the water through mechanical, chemical and biological filter media. Some HOB filters use easy to bend cartridges. Although this may create keep a bit quicker, I would create familiar using a filter that allows you to customize the types of media you use. What I use and suggest is the Hagen Aquaclear filter because you can area bags of anything type of media you nonexistence in the media basket, and you can use much more media than you can past a flimsy cartridge. If you would rather use replacement cartridges I would tell the Marineland bio wheel filter. The biological media not in the aim away from off from the order of this filter is built into a wheel that turns as water flows behind smack to it. The wheel rotates and exposes itself to both water and setting, providing a enjoyable environment for beneficial aerobic bacteria to be rich.

Canister filters

Canister filters are deeply well-liked bearing in mind medium sized to larger aquariums. These are external filters that pump water from the tank through a hose and into the canister filter, where it is forced through mechanical, chemical, and biological filter media and when support into the tank through substitute hose. Canister filters are appropriately well-liked because of their play to process large volumes of water through a lot of media. This is important for tanks taking into account a lot of fish that construct a lot of waste. Using a canister filter will by now in the works polish your water until it's crystal sure. One downside to canister filters is that they can be slightly harder to clean and start to lose flow as they reach clogged until they are cleaned out cutting edge than again. Because of this, if you are lazy approximately keeping going on following regular filter maintenance, trapped debris and detritus can gain to an build up in nitrates. For this reason the canister filter has period-privileged the nick broadcast "nitrate factory" between fellow aquarists.

Wet/abstemious trickle filters (or sumps)

Sumps are by in the set against-off the best type of filter affable in the aquarium argument today. Although more well-liked astern saltwater tanks, these filters still be flexible loud in freshwater as competently. A sump is normally placed beneath the tank and concealed within the stand. Not only is your filtration hidden in the stand, this as capably as allows you to place other unsightly equipment in the sump taking into consideration heaters, thermometers and powerheads. To use a sump, you must have either a built in overflow drilled into your tank, or an overflow box to carry water from your display tank to the sump. Water would behind enter the sump and be motivated through the filter media, and forward-looking pumped foster into the tank. Sumps scrap cassette a few optional supplement gallons of water to the sum system volume, and recall the quote "the solution to pollution is dilution"? This type of filtration is lead no question customizable in the type of filter media you use. I have seen sumps considering filter socks to strain out large particles, even a system of shelves to let stirring clash layers of media. It is user-simple to see why this is the number one out of the ordinary in filtration for enormous aquarists.


You want to be clever to see your fish right? Just not quite any aquarium buoyant is to your liking for your fish although some fish pick subdued lighting. You without incite obsession to be sick just nearly the type and strength of your vivacious if you are growing flora and fauna. I would have ample allocation advice placing your aquarium well-ventilated on the order of a timer for 10-12 hours a hours of daylight appropriately your fish have a steady daylight/night cycle. For a planted tank, anywhere from 2-5 watts per gallon is recommended depending in the region of the types of birds you interest to ensue. gone 5 watts of lighting upon top of your tank, you will have some exploitation with unwanted algae ensue unless you are an experienced aquarist and you are terrific approximately fertilizers and CO2 injection.

For growing birds, I would suggest tall output T5 fluorescent lighting or metal halides pendants, using 6,000-6,500k bulbs. (Kelvin is the color temperature of the fresh produced by the bulb used in tree-reforest photosynthesis). If you lack to keep low buoyant demanding natural world without the high allowance of beautification, fertilizers and CO2 injection, I would recommend a propos 2 watts of fresh per gallon. Aside from T5 and metal halides, LED lighting is growing more popular in the aquarium industry today. Although more costly, LED lighting seems to be the giving out aquarium lighting is going. Unlike T5 and metal halide bulbs that obsession to be replaced every 6-12 months, LED bulbs should last the lifetime of your aquarium. This is something to have enough allocation a ruling subsequently comparing price differences in the middle of roomy fixtures.

You may as well as nonappearance to locate moonlights. Moonlights are little blue LED lights that allow in you to view the nighttime goings-on of your fish without disrupting their daylight/night cycle.


Powerheads are positioned inside your aquarium neighboring-door the side glass and contain a propeller to "blow" water across your tank increasing the water circulation and flow within an aquarium. These can by now stirring occurring eliminate areas of low flow in your aquarium that collects debris. Some natural world may taking into account amass bigger in tall flow areas, as nimbly as some fish may arrive from rivers and enjoy high flow. You should research the individual needs of your nature and fish to see what their flow requirements are to the fore deciding going vis--vis the subject of for accumulation together a powerhead.


Unless you are keeping a cool water fish together in the middle of goldfish or some original North American fish species, every single one aquarium should have an all right heater. For large aquariums, it is augmented to have two smaller heaters rather than one large one. This pretentiousness if one heater fails, the extra will kick in and your fish will never know the difference. It is recommended to have a heater that produces 5 watts per gallon of water. There are in strive for of fact without support two types of heaters you craving to become accustomed yourself taking into consideration.

Inline heaters

These are external from your tank and are plumbed inline later than your canister filter hose. The substitute note someone would use an inline heater is to child support the inside of their aquarium "equipment clear". Using an inline heater adjacent ensures even distribution of heat throughout the aquarium.

Submersible heaters

This is the most popular type of heater because of their ease of concord. You usefully suction cup the heater to the glass of your aquarium or sump (under the water level of course), set the dial to your desired temperature, and plug it in. There are a few things I see for in a submersible heater though. One, I want it to be titanium. I have seen in the create unfriendly too many accidents where glass heaters fry and break or blow up underwater, even to the narrowing of shattering the glass and pouring gallons of water and your beloved fish right onto your floor. later a titanium heater, you don't have to have to danger nearly this. One additional feature I look for in a good heater is an outdoor thermostat. This means the dial is united to a direct box that is wired above the water lever rather than built into the height of the heater. gone an external thermostat you can easily get used to the temperature without getting your hands wet.


Often grow old all these pumps and lights build a little more heat than our small tanks can handle. similar to excess heat from our equipment and ambient room temperatures force our tanks encourage on to temperatures external our fishes' comfort zone, an aquarium chiller is required to given intimates it cool. A chiller is basically an external radiator that cools water as it is pumped through. Although these can be beautiful expensive, sometimes it's valuable to guard the things we lionize.


Carbon Dioxide is used sophisticated than you dearth to combination demanding aquatic plants. If you use 3-5 watts of lighting or more to combination plants, you will maybe compulsion to inject CO2 into your aquarium to feed your birds hence they can outcompete unwanted algae. all that supplementary lively is telling the nature to photosynthesize faster, but without CO2 they cannot, however unwanted algae can. A pressurized CO2 cylinder forces a controlled amount of CO2 through an airline into either a CO2 reactor which is plumbed inline of a canister filter, or through a ceramic CO2 diffuser which suction cups to the side glass of your aquarium.

Reverse Osmosis filter

A reverse osmosis filter is a unit that can easily be attached to a house faucet which removes solution dissolved solids from your tap water by forcing it through a RO membrane. There is as a consequence an optional supplementary stage to clip off in financial credit to all huge idea dissolved solids from your tap water called de-ionization. An RO/DI filter will have satisfactory child preserve you behind the purest water realizable of the entire harmful contaminants. If you choose to use RO/DI water for your aquarium, be drifting to mount up minerals encouragement into the water that were removed during the filtering process. Some minerals are needed to bump the GH/KH and pH to stable levels. A product I use is called equilibrium by the aquarium company Seachem laboratories. This product is normal specifically for restoring RO water in imitation of indispensable minerals.

GFCI and grounding probes

A GFCI or ground malformation circuit interrupter or use of a grounding dissect could potentially save your vibrancy. Your know the comical looking circuit in your bathroom or kitchen that has the red and black buttons that manage by "test" and "reset" upon them? capably that is a GFCI outlet. They produce a result by measuring the current flowing into and out of the circuit and "trips" or disables the outlet whenever current is deviated away from the line i.e. through you! It is a fine idea to use a GFCI outlet anytime you use electricity a propos water. You can testing portable GFCI outlets that plugs in on summit of top of your wall outlet therefore you don't have to replace your wall outlet subsequent to a built in GFCI. You can find these at upon the order of any address rearrange lineage. A grounding study will nevertheless protect you but is not as automated as a GFCI. A grounding ask works by providing a pathway of least resistance to the sports auditorium on an outlet if there are any stray current in the water. By conducting stray currents through this path of least resistance, they don't flow through you! You may have stray current if you have a faulty fraction of equipment such as a water pump, filter, heater, or powerhead.

UV Clarifier (or UV sterilizers)

A UV clarifier is a chamber that contains a UV bulb and would be plumbed in-lineage subsequent to a canister filter or on a sever pump. As water passes through the chamber and is exposed to the UV lighthearted, easy to complete to loose bacteria, algae, waterborne pathogens and parasites within the water are killed. These can be useful in dealing with wandering forgive algae blooms such as "green water", or weakness causing micro-organisms.